Null versus overt pronouns and the topic-focus articulation in Spanish. Rivista di Beyond salience: Interpretation of personal and demonstrative pronouns. Definiteness expression is linked with plural formation but the remote demonstrative pronouns can be used as a definite determiner when the noun is preceded. This map is out of date. 2. Those two movies are about life in early New England. 3. Jack entered that dog in an obedience contest.
One is the same as the definite article, but stressed: The other is a bit more formal or emphatic: Swedish has two relative pronouns: Som is invariable and cannot follow a preposition, while vilken is inflected neuter vilket, plural vilkagenitive vars.
demonstrative pronouns? | Yahoo Answers
Only the present and past tenses are formed without auxiliaries. The past, along with the past participle, is the basis of the distinction between 'weak' and 'strong' verbs. Strong verbs when conjugated in the past lack any marking suffix but a vowel change umlaut occurs in the stem.
Their present is made, like that of weak verbs, by suffixing - e r to the stem. There are seven classes of strong verbs, as shown above. Weak verbs form the past by adding -de to the stem and their past participle ends in -t. There are three classes of weak verbs: The imperative is formed by eliminating the final vowel of the infinitive except in weak verb classes 1 and 3 in which is the same as the infinitive.
The first form refers to general or objective facts while the second form refers to a specific event. Most infinitives end in a and are preceded by att; many verbs have also shortened infinitive forms, e. Short forms also occur in the present and imperative, e. The present participle ends always in -nde. Both participles may be used as adjectives; the past participle is inflected, then, like an adjective; the present participle is invariable.
The neuter form of the past participle, called the supine, is used to form compound tenses.
Chinese Demonstrative Pronouns: This That These Those This/That One
It is spoken in Norway by nearly 5 million people. Nynorsk is favored in the west coast and in rural districts of the southern interior. There are, besides, many spoken dialects which are mutually intelligible; none of them is officially recognized but they can be used also in formal circumstances.
The earliest written records in Scandinavia are runic inscriptions in a Proto-Germanic language, dating back to CE and originating in the Danish peninsula of Jutland. Literature in modern Norwegian starts only in the 19th century.
Norwegian has a relatively rich vowel inventory including nine short and nine long vowels plus several diphthongs. Front-high and front-mid vowels have contrasting rounded and unrounded varieties.
Chinese Demonstrative Pronouns & Adjectives: This, That, These, Those, This One, That One
Voiceless stops are aspirated except before s. The alveolar rhotic is a trill rolled r-sound and the retroflex one a flap weak r-sound. Consonant clusters occur both in syllable-initial and syllable-final position. Stress falls usually on the first syllable in native Germanic words but in loanwords stress may fall on other syllables. Main stress is combined with two contrasting tones in bi- and polysyllabic words. Tone 1 has a steadily rising pitch in most dialects while Tone 2 has a delayed rising pitch.
Tonal opposition is evident in words like tanken which with Tone 1 means "the tank" and with Tone 2 "the thought". Script and Orthography Norwegian is written in the Roman alphabet with three new letters placed at its end to notate additional vowel sounds.
Below each letter, its equivalence in the International Phonetic Alphabet is shown between brackets. Nouns are inflected for number and definiteness.
Adjectives agree with their nouns in gender and number. Dano-Norwegian had a two-gender system distinguishing a common gender and a neuter gender. On the other hand, in Nynorsk the three-gender system is firmly rooted due to its presence in the dialects.
Pluralization is marked by suffixes accompanied frequently by a vowel change in the stem.