Durante degli Alighieri commonly known by his short name Dante Alighieri or simply as Dante The exact date of his birth is unknown, although it is generally believed to be around This can be . Other studies are reported, or deduced from Vita Nuova or the Comedy, regarding painting and music. Illustration for. Apr 2, Death Date: c. Dante was a Medieval Italian poet and philosopher whose poetic and five years later Dante published Vita Nuova (The New Life), ( Beyond being Dante's first book of verse, The New Life is notable in that. The Divine Comedy is an Italian long narrative poem by Dante Alighieri, begun c. and mode of the then-fashionable courtly love tradition, which is highlighted in Dante's earlier work La Vita Nuova. ranging in date from ( Iacopo Alighieri) to the s (Robert Hollander); On-line Concordance to the Divine.
Divine Comedy - Wikipedia
The exact date of his marriage is not known: To take any part in public life, one had to enroll in one of the city's many commercial or artisan guilds, so Dante entered the Physicians' and Apothecaries' Guild. In the following years, his name is occasionally recorded as speaking or voting in the various councils of the republic.
A substantial portion of minutes from such meetings in the years — was lost, however, so the true extent of Dante's participation in the city's councils is uncertain. Gemma bore Dante several children.
Although several others subsequently claimed to be his offspring, it is likely that only JacopoPietro, Giovanni, and Antonia were his actual children. Antonia later became a nun, taking the name Sister Beatrice.
Education and poetry[ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message Not much is known about Dante's education; he presumably studied at home or in a chapter school attached to a church or monastery in Florence.
It is known that he studied Tuscan poetry and that he admired the compositions of the Bolognese poet Guido Guinizelli —whom in Purgatorio XXVI he characterized as his "father"—at a time when the Sicilian school Scuola poetica Sicilianaa cultural group from Sicilywas becoming known in Tuscany.
Dante's experience of such love was typical, but his expression of it was unique. It was in the name of this love that Dante left his imprint on the dolce stil novo sweet new style, a term which Dante himself coinedand he would join other contemporary poets and writers in exploring never-before-emphasized aspects of love Amore.
Love for Beatrice as Petrarch would show for Laura somewhat differently would be his reason for poetry and for living, together with political passions. In many of his poems, she is depicted as semi-divine, watching over him constantly and providing spiritual instruction, sometimes harshly.
When Beatrice died inDante sought refuge in Latin literature. He then dedicated himself to philosophical studies at religious schools like the Dominican one in Santa Maria Novella. He took part in the disputes that the two principal mendicant orders Franciscan and Dominican publicly or indirectly held in Florence, the former explaining the doctrines of the mystics and of St. Bonaventurethe latter expounding on the theories of St.
Nor speaking less on that account I go With Ser Brunetto, and I ask who are his most known and most eminent companions. Other studies are reported, or deduced from Vita Nuova or the Comedy, regarding painting and music. December Further information: Guelphs and Ghibellines Dante, like most Florentines of his day, was embroiled in the Guelph—Ghibelline conflict.
To further his political career, he became a pharmacist. He did not intend to practice as one, but a law issued in required nobles aspiring to public office to be enrolled in one of the Corporazioni delle Arti e dei Mestieri, so Dante obtained admission to the Apothecaries' Guild. This profession was not inappropriate since at that time books were sold from apothecaries' shops.
As a politician, he accomplished little but held various offices over some years in a city rife with political unrest. Although the split was along family lines at first, ideological differences arose based on opposing views of the papal role in Florentine affairs, with the Blacks supporting the Pope and the Whites wanting more freedom from Rome.
The Whites took power first and expelled the Blacks. But the city's government had treated the Pope's ambassadors badly a few weeks before, seeking independence from papal influence.
It was believed that Charles had received other unofficial instructions, so the council sent a delegation to Rome to ascertain the Pope's intentions. Dante was one of the delegates. Exile and death[ edit ] Pope Boniface quickly dismissed the other delegates and asked Dante alone to remain in Rome. At the same time November 1,Charles of Valois entered Florence with the Black Guelphs, who in the next six days destroyed much of the city and killed many of their enemies.
In MarchDante, a White Guelph by affiliation, along with the Gherardini familywas condemned to exile for two years and ordered to pay a large fine. Florence under the Black Guelphs therefore considered Dante an absconder. He was condemned to perpetual exile; if he returned to Florence without paying the fine, he could have been burned at the stake. In Junenearly seven centuries after his death, the city council of Florence passed a motion rescinding Dante's sentence.
Dante, bitter at the treatment he received from his enemies, also grew disgusted with the infighting and ineffectiveness of his erstwhile allies and vowed to become a party of one.
Later he is supposed to have lived in Lucca with a woman called Gentucca, who made his stay comfortable and was later gratefully mentioned in Purgatorio, XXIV, Some speculative sources claim he visited Paris between andand other sources even less trustworthy took him to Oxford: Evidently, Dante's command of philosophy and his literary interests deepened in exile and when he was no longer busy with the day-to-day business of Florentine domestic politics, and this is evidenced in his prose writings in this period, but there is no real evidence that he ever left Italy.
Inferno Dante The poem begins on the night before Good Friday in the year"halfway along our life's path" Nel mezzo del cammin di nostra vita.
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Dante is thirty-five years old, half of the biblical lifespan of 70 Psalms Conscious that he is ruining himself and that he is falling into a "low place" basso loco where the sun is silent 'l sol taceDante is at last rescued by Virgil, and the two of them begin their journey to the underworld.
Each sin's punishment in Inferno is a contrapassoa symbolic instance of poetic justice ; for example, in Canto XX, fortune-tellers and soothsayers must walk with their heads on backwards, unable to see what is ahead, because that was what they had tried to do in life: Upper Hell, outside the city of Dis, for the four sins of indulgence lustgluttonyavariceanger ; Circle 7 for the sins of violence; and Circles 8 and 9 for the sins of malice fraud and treachery.
Added to these are two unlike categories that are specifically spiritual: Limbo, in Circle 1, contains the virtuous pagans who were not sinful but were ignorant of Christ, and Circle 6 contains the heretics who contradicted the doctrine and confused the spirit of Christ. The Mountain is on an island, the only land in the Southern Hemispherecreated by the displacement of rock which resulted when Satan's fall created Hell  which Dante portrays as existing underneath Jerusalem .
The mountain has seven terraces, corresponding to the seven deadly sins or "seven roots of sinfulness.
Who is Dante? Greek mythology? help me!?
It is also drawn primarily from Christian theology, rather than from classical sources. Love, a theme throughout the Divine Comedy, is particularly important for the framing of sin on the Mountain of Purgatory.Hannibal - Vide Cor Meum - Dante Alighieri - La Vita Nuova
While the love that flows from God is pure, it can become sinful as it flows through humanity. Humans can sin by using love towards improper or malicious ends WrathEnvyPrideor using it to proper ends but with love that is either not strong enough Sloth or love that is too strong LustGluttonyGreed. Below the seven purges of the soul is the Ante-Purgatory, containing the Excommunicated from the church and the Late repentant who died, often violently, before receiving rites.
Thus the total comes to nine, with the addition of the Garden of Eden at the summit, equaling ten. Christian souls arrive escorted by an angel, singing In exitu Israel de Aegypto. In his Letter to CangrandeDante explains that this reference to Israel leaving Egypt refers both to the redemption of Christ and to "the conversion of the soul from the sorrow and misery of sin to the state of grace. The Purgatorio is notable for demonstrating the medieval knowledge of a spherical Earth.
During the poem, Dante discusses the different stars visible in the southern hemispherethe altered position of the sun, and the various timezones of the Earth. At this stage it is, Dante says, sunset at Jerusalem, midnight on the River Gangesand sunrise in Purgatory.
After an initial ascension, Beatrice guides Dante through the nine celestial spheres of Heaven.